|Chasidic Mohel preparing a baby for a circumcision|
For those not up to speed about this ritual procedure - it involves suctioning off the blood by mouth from a circumcision wound. The Gemarah in its description of the very important Mitzvah of Bris Milah explains the procedure for that in relative detail.
As has always been the case throughout Jewish history, the rabbis understood that the Torah always put the health of the individual above just about all else. So they mandated what was a safety feature of the Bris - the suctioning of the blood (Metzitza) off the wound so that it would not become a source of infection. In fact that is clearly how Metzitza is stated in the Gemarah. As a safety precaution.
So according to the Gemarah even though Metzitza does not invalidate the actual Bris if it is not done, it is nonetheless a Halachic requirement to do so.
The Gemarah does not describe the method of suction one must use. It just says ‘Metzitza – suction. Historically the most efficient method was to simply suction it off quickly by mouth. For thousands of years that is how every Bris was done. Until the 19th century. At that time many of the greatest Poskim of the era allowed alternative methods of suctioning after there were some deaths attributed to a possibly infected Mohel.
But that did not stop the hardcore traditionalists from insisting that doing so by mouth was not only preferable but required! Those who argued saying that there were legitimate Poskim who permitted non oral suction methods were rebuffed with claims that these Poskim never intended their Kulos (leniencies) to be permanent.
They insist that MbP is an integral part of the Bris. Here is the way the Forward put it in the name of one of the most prominent Mohalim, Rabbi Avrohom Cohn who heads the American Board of Ritual Circumcision and who is in the forefront of fighting this new regulation:
(T)he ultra-Orthodox minority who do use metzitzah b’peh, including members of Cohn’s group, avow that this technique must be part of the circumcision ritual in order to fulfill divine commandments set out in the Torah and the Talmud.
Personally I don’t know how they can make that claim. If there were ever circumcisions done without MbP, they would be invalid by this definition. Which would make those Poskim guilty of being Machti Es HaRabim (causing the public to sin). Besides - what would those Poskim gain by omitting MbP? Why bother doing it at all?! If MbP is integral then there was no point to doing a bris! Furthermore they are casting aspersions on every circumcision that does not do MbP.
Nonetheless they feel that any interference with that practice violates their right to practice their religion as they see fit. Even New York city’s Department of Health and Mental Hygene (DOHMH) requirement to sign an informed consent form stating they have been made aware of the possible risk of infection to the child.
One may ask, “What is the big deal?” “Let them sign the forms and they can do what they want!” That’s how I feel about it. But they feel they cannot sign a document that would in effect be saying that Halacha as they understand it is dangerous to your health.
They claim that there is no danger to a child that has MbP. That’s the way it has been done for millennia. And that there is no poof that the few babies that died were because of infections transferred by mouth from the Mohel. And that even if it were proven in one or 2 cases - the statistical probability of it happening is negligible considering the tens of thousands of times each year MbP was done without incident.
The department of health obviously disagrees and points to studies that have show a strong likelihood of several babies being infected by a Mohel with the herpes virus. From the Forward:
More recent DOHMH studies have revealed 12 area infants who have contracted herpes after circumcision. with two of the infants dying soon after.
And since herpes can be asymptomatic, the risks are real, small though they may be. Hence the regulation. Which carries financial penalties if not followed.
Satmar and Agudah disagree with DOHMH and have challenged the constitutionality of the regulation on church/state issues. But they failed to get an injunction against implementing this regulation until after the court’s decision. So this rule is now in effect.
The question is, whether those who insist on using MbP will purposely avoid signing the consent forms. Agudah has no position on this, although they have implied that one ought to follow the rules. Interestingly, Satmar officials have said pretty much the same thing. Although they hope that their appeal to the courts will succeed.
That is where the issue stands now.
What is troubling about all this to me is that opponents of this regulation are calling this an attack against Milah itself. That is how I constantly see them characterizing it. That kind of hyperbole conjures up the anti-Semitic governments of the past who tried to outlaw Bris Milah entirely. Accusing the government of trying to outlaw circumcision is the height of Chutzpah . MbP is NOT circumcision. MbP is not even required by many Orthododx Poskim. In fact it is actaully discouraged by some.
Signing a form saying that one has been informed about the dangers of a procedure that is not even universally required is hardly a fight against circumcision. New York’s health department officials are not Nazis or Czarist Russia. Nor are not they Greek Hellenists of Hasmonean times who also tried to abolish it.
No one is abolishing circumcision. In fact it is now once again being recommended for its health benefits.
How dare they make such comparisons! Doing so does not help their cause. In fact it does the opposite. Calling well intentioned medical professionals anti-Semites is a Chilul HaShem – even if they would be wrong about their fears. Which in my view, they are not.
But this is how they insist on characterizing it. Someone ought to tell them to cut it out!